Most of the men are too embarassed to talk about testicular cancer which is extremely sensitive topic indeed. In the United States around 8,720 men will be diagnosed with testicular cancer only this year, and the average age of diagnosis is 33.
The most important thing is to be aware of its sneaky symptoms. Man should pay close attention to the changes that occur like change in the size and shape of one or both testicles in order to diagnose it on time.
Many doctors advice men between 15 and 40 years to do a regular self-eximination to detect cancer in its early stage.
Testicular Cancer Self Exam: Men should hold their penis out of the way and check one testicle at a time. Men should keep them between their thumbs and fingers of both hands and roll it gently between their fingers in order to find out if there are some hard lumps or smooth rounded bumps or any change in the shape, size or consistency of the testicles.
COMMON SYMPTOMS OF TESTICULAR CANCER:
- A heavy feeling in the scrotum.
- A severe pain or feeling of pressure in the groin or lower belly .
- Early puberty in boys: Certain cell tumors make (male sex hormones)androgens . Androgen when it comes to boys, producing tumors can lead to puberty symptoms at an abnormally early age like growth of body and facial hair and also a deepening voice. They on the other hand, don’t lead to any specific symptoms in men.
- Soreness or breast growth : There are some cases where germ cells make breasts grow or become sore. Due to the fact that certain cell tumors can make estrogen, breasts can grow and men can experience loss of sexual desire.
- A swelling and/or lump in one or both of the testes. You may have pain in scrotum or the testes .
It is quite normal for one testicle to be slightly larger in comparison to the other and one can also hang lower that the other.
SYMPTOMS OF ADVANCED TESTICULAR CANCER:
Symptoms of advanced cancer mean that it has spread beyond the testicles and regional lymph nodes to other organs. The symptoms can be different because by the cancer different areas can be affected .
Here are some of the symptoms of late-stage testicular cancer:
Severe pain in the belly and lower back: This is when the cancer is spread to the lymph nodes in the back of the abdomen.
Lack of energy, sweating without reason, fever or a general feeling of illness.
Shortness of breath, chest pain , coughing: coughing blood indicates to lung cancer in most of the cases .
Confusion or headache : From cancer spreading to the brain.
Belly Pain: it can occur because the cancer had spread to the liver or due to enlarged lymph nodes .
Note: Certain non-cancerous conditions can also show similar symptoms to those of testicular cancer, so if you notice any changes you should consult your doctor .
TESTICULAR EXAMS AND TESTS:
Testicular Ultrasound: This test is used in order to rule out other possible causes of an enlarged, or painful testicle, before the testicle is removed.
Blood Tests: In order to measure the levels of the tumor markers in your blood doctors usually make these tests :
Alpha Fetoprotein (AFP)
Lactate Dehydrogenase (LDH)
Beta Human Chorionic gonadotrophin (beta-hCG)
Imaging tests: Such as Chest-X-ray, and CT scan of the abdomen, pelvis and chest .
This type of cancer is one of the most curable forms of cancer, when it is early diagnosed. Make sure to perform self-exam once per month and consult your doctor immediately if you notice something unusual .
source : www.fhfn.org