Neurological disorder that is characterized by pulling, throbbing, creeping or other unpleasant sensations in your legs is known like restless leg syndrome.
Namely, there is often an overwhelming urge to move the legs and this feeling can’t be controlled . These symptoms usually appear at night when a person is resting, and during the night they may increase in severity. If you are moving your legs, this will help you to relieve discomfort, which can range in severity from irritating to painful.
We came to a conclusion that over 10 % of the population have problem with restless leg syndrome. Childhood restless leg syndrome is estimated to affect almost 1 million school-aged children, with one-third experiencing moderate to severe symptoms.
What is the reason which causes it?
The cause of restless leg syndrome, in most cases, is unknown. Some people, believed that it have genetic component. Also there is some suggestions that also responsible for this disorder can be the low level of iron in our brain.
But in many cases, the following factors it seems to be related:
- Chronic diseases such as kidney failure and diabetes
- Certain medications that may aggravate symptoms, anti-psychotic drugs, including anti-nausea drugs, antidepressants that increase serotonin. Also there are some cold and allergy medications that can contain sedating antihistamines.
- Pregnancy, specifically in the last trimester
- Sleep deprivation
- Alcohol use
How can be diagnosed?
For this health disorder, there is no specific test .But there is criteria that can indicate the problem with restless leg syndrome, including the following:
A strong and often overwhelming need or urge to move the affected limbs
- Sensory symptoms that are triggered by rest, relaxation or sleep
- Symptoms that are worse at night and are absent or negligible in the morning
- Sensory symptoms that are relieved with movement, and the relief persists as long as the movement continues
It can very difficult to diagnose restless leg syndrome in a child, because for them is very hard to describe where the pain is, how often the symptoms occur and how long the symptoms last. Restless leg syndrome in children may be misdiagnosed as “growing pains.”
How can be treated?
Restless leg syndrome can be treated using medications. But also, certain lifestyle changes can help to reduce the symptoms in those suffering from it. It is true that the researchers don’t know the exact cause, but they do know that there is a connection between one’s lifestyle and how frequently their symptoms occur.
So if you have a problem like this, consider these lifestyle changes:
Not only is smoking an addiction that destroys your lungs, it can make the body feel jittery and have a negative impact on sleep. If you struggle with restless leg syndrome, cut down on smoking or quit completely.
Eating a healthy diet can keep your body running smoothly and promote a good night’s sleep. Alcohol and caffeine are believed to trigger restless leg syndrome, so be sure to limit your intake, especially before bed.
According to the Willis-Ekbom Disease Foundation, those suffering with restless leg syndrome who exercised for 30-60 minutes a day reported less fatigue, less symptoms and better sleep habits. You don’t need to run miles upon miles or overexert yourself, but get into the routine of exercising each day, whether it’s walking, jogging, yoga or any other variety of fitness to help manage your symptoms
Be Aware of Medications
Medications that are being taken for other conditions may have side effects that make it difficult for your muscles to relax. Make sure to review any medications thoroughly with your doctor to find out if they are contributing to your disorder.
Stress can play a role in aggravating restless leg syndrome, so try to find a way to reduce your stress level. Organization and prioritizing may help, along with relaxation techniques such as breathing and meditation.